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Garden Landscaping, Garden Plants and Planting Schemes, Water features and Turfing, Brickwall and Fencing, Bedding and Retaining walls, Patios & Paving, Patio Designs, Complete Landscape Management, Well Designed Walkways and Paths, Robust Fencing and Gates, New Fencing, Picket Fencing, Fence Panels, Feather Edge Fencing, Garden Gates and Trellis, Edge Fencing, Lap Fencing, Concrete Post, Concrete Gravel Boards, Automatic Electric Gates,Bespoke Garden Fencing, Repair and Management, Gravel Boards, Garden Clearance, Garden Revamp, Garden Design, Garden Plants, Garden Maintenance, Site Clearance And Maintanace, Garden Wall, Turf And Artificial Grass Installers, Lawn Care, New Turf, Pond & Water Features, Soil Testing, Irrigation & Drainage, Wooden Decking, New Decking, Summer Decking, Decking Boards, Decking Design, Tree Services, Domestic & Commercial Landscaping, Hard Landscaping, Garden Sheds, Summer House

  • Selecting materials for landscaping - Making a garden involves a great deal more than organising the planting and laying the turf or artificial grass. All gardens must have basic structural elements - walls, fences, paths and so on - in order to link, separate or screen various areas of the plot. This hard framework will be composed of different materials put together to create a particular effect. The result must be satisfactory in both visual and practical terms. The materials used in garden construction vary enormously in cost, durability, maintenance requirements and aesthetic appeal. To make the best of your garden it is important that you choose the materials bearing all these factors in mind.
  • Foundations - Are necessary for any structure that you build in the garden, in order to support and spread its load to firm ground. Whether you are considering a solid footing on which to build a wall, or laying the base for garden outbuilding, the basic principles are similar.
  • Surface and Steps A path winding down the garden can be difficult to set out unless you make a scale plan to size and route on squared paper. This will enable you to estimate the materials you will need and help you transfer the shape accurately to the site. Planing a Path - The first stage in making a path, whatever your choice of material as the surface, is planning the route it will take through the garden. The first rule in planning is that any path must lead somewhere, whether it is to a garden shed or ornament, or simply from one area to another. Your choice of paving materials depends on appearance and durability. The options are basically cast concrete, preformed concrete paving slabs, bricks, moulded paving blocks, gravel or asphalt. Natural stone, for example York paving, is attractive but comparatively expensive. Concrete is plain, dull and utilitarian but ideal for a heavy duty path, or for areas of the garden when appearance is not an important consideration. - Steps give pedestrian access to the various parts of a sloping or split - level garden, while additionally providing a visual link between the seperate elements - vegetable patch, lawn, planting beds, and so on. There are basically two types of steps - freestanding or cut in - although there are many variations in the construction method. - Cut-in steps - are used where you need to negotiate a slope or a bank. The shape of the step is cut out in the earth itself and various materials used for the treads (the parts of the steps on which you walk) and risers (the vertical parts) Cut-in steps may be formal, regular flights or meandering and informal. Freestanding-steps - Where you need access from ground level to a higher, terraced level, freestanding steps are more suitable. Built either at right angles to the retaining wall of the terrace, or parellel with it, they are usually formal in appearance.
  • Boundaries - Walls are not merely decorative features. They perform numerous functions in the garden, such as defining the boundaries of your property, screening unattractive views, dulling traffic noise and providing a measure of protection against the elements. Used within the plot act as a demarcation for, or simply screen of the various areas such as vegetable patch, lawns, flower-beds or patio. On a split-level site they can be employed to retain a bank of earth forming a terrace. Choice of materials- The materials you choose to construct your garden wall must be suitable for the purpose you want it to perform. Bear in mind colour, texture, shape and size when choosing materials so that the wall will not look incongruous in its setting. The clean clean lines of some bricks are best suited to a formal design, whereas decorative walling blocks are more rugged in appearance and evocative of an informal, natural style. Secondhand bricks or stones are usually available from the builder's merchants and demolition sites, anf often have a more mellow, weathered look.
  • Changing the Level - Shaping the contours of the land to suit your requirements is one of the basic principles of planning a garden, but one that is often neglected. Many people put up with gardens that are nothing more than flat, featureless expanses of earth, with no visual relief or outstanding features to attract the attention. This is particularly so with newly constructed houses, where the garden is likely to be a muddy wasteland of debris left behind by the builder. See drainage solutions in this Web page. In fact, you can flatten a sloping site, if that is what your garden design requires; but often it is better to turn the slope to your advantage. If you start with a flat site, you can create terraced planters, or undulating shapes without to much difficulty.
  • Pergolas and Arches - A timber pergola erected against the house wall or freestanding elsewhere in the garden provides an ideal way to support grapevines climbing plants or bush or tree fruit. Once the plants are properly established the foliage covering the pergola will also provide a cool and shady place to sit on hot summers days, made all the more pleasant by the sunlight filtering gently through. Barbecues and meals outdoors can be taken under the leafy cover. Alternatively, a pergola can be used as an arbour, or partially covered walkway, leading to another part of th garden bench seat, or open in a gazebo. Built against a house wall, the pergola will even afford some measure of protection against rain, particularly if the foliage is lush. The position of a pergola will influence its finished effect on the garden, and the kind of use you are able to put it to, so careful planning is required. Planning the site Because the structure is inherently angular, it is essential to align it with straight-sided features such as a garden wall or outbuilding to avoid a disjointed appearance, with spaces alongside that are awkwardly shaped and unlikely to be accessible. Because of its height-probably in excess of 8ft (2.4m)-a freestanding pergola can appear to loom over surrounding features, or even to cast them in a shadow. Conversely, if the pergola is placed in the centre of the lawn, for example, it might look marooned, or may block a pleasant view from the house. It is best to opt for a site where the pergola can be made to blend in with its surroundings: for example, place it in a corner formed by boundary walls or the wall of the house. and its extension, or run it along the side of a wall or fence, even attached to it. Where there is a narrow pathway running alongside the house, leading to a side entry or back door, consider erecting the pergola along the path as a leafy walkway. A sunny aspect is important if vines or fruit trees are to be trained against the pergola, and one of its long sides should face a southerly or easterly direction (in the northern hemisphere) where it will receive sun for most of the day.Avoid placing the pergola in a location that is predominately shaded by tall trees or buildings, or on a wall where it will receive little or no sunlight. If the pergola is to be erected on a sloping or terraced site, remember that the top of the structure must be stepped to follow the gradient; otherwise it will appear lofty.
  • Gates and Screeds - Whether you want a gate to confine children and pets to the garden, to keep out neighbourhood strays, to improve your frontage with an attractive entrance, or to provide a measure of security against intruders, ready assembled gates are available. Choose a design of gate with care, as what looks totally at home in a rural setting could appear incongruous fronting an urban plot.
  • Furniture and Barbecues -
  • Sheds -
  • Rock & Water Feature -
  • Structures for Children.

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